Laser Instruments and Applications
There are lots of ways to guesstimate ages, and geologists knew the earth was old a long time ago and I might add that they were mostly Christian creationist geologists. But they didn’t know how old. Radiometric dating actually allows the measurement of absolute ages, and so it is deadly to the argument that the earth cannot be more than 10, years old. Radiometric methods measure the time elapsed since the particular radiometric clock was reset. Radiocarbon dating, which is probably best known in the general public, works only on things that were once alive and are now dead. It measures the time elapsed since death, but is limited in scale to no more than about 50, years ago. Generally applied to igneous rocks those of volcanic origin , they measure the time since the molten rock solidified. If that happens to be longer than 10, years, then the idea of a young-Earth is called into question. If that happens to be billions of years, then the young-Earth is in big trouble. As of January, , The oldest rocks found on earth are 4.
These are K-Ar data obtained on glauconite, a potassium-bearing clay mineral that forms in some marine sediment. Woodmorappe fails to mention, however, that these data were obtained as part of a controlled experiment to test, on samples of known age, the applicability of the K-Ar method to glauconite and to illite, another clay mineral. He also neglects to mention that most of the 89 K-Ar ages reported in their study agree very well with the expected ages.
Evernden and others 43 found that these clay minerals are extremely susceptible to argon loss when heated even slightly, such as occurs when sedimentary rocks are deeply buried. As a result, glauconite is used for dating only with extreme caution.
Eine Schale aus einer Schallplatte zu bauen, oder besser zu schmelzen, das gehört wohl zu den Klassikern der DIY-Kultur. Und es ist so einfach!
Potential of abundant, environmentally harmless energy technology , which already exists My strategy for manifesting that energy event for humanity’s and the planet’s benefit. I w as born in In that same year, I had my cultural and mystical awakenings. During my second year of college, I had my first existential crisis and a paranormal event changed my studies from science to business.
I s till held my energy dreams, however, and in , eight years after that first paranormal event, I had a second one that suddenly caused me to move up the coast from Los Angeles to Seattle, where I landed in the middle of what is arguably the greatest attempt yet made to bring alternative energy to the American marketplace. That effort was killed by the local electric industry , which saw our technology as a threat to its revenues and profits, and my wild ride began.
The owner of the Seattle business left the state to rebuild his effort. I followed him to Boston and soon became his partner.
How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?
By Wayne Jackson Dr. Others allege that the Bible simply does not speak to this matter. Ross, see Van Bebber and Taylor The Basic Issue If it is true that the Bible is completely silent on this topic, then certainly we ought not to make an issue of it. But, is the Bible silent regarding the age of the earth and the human race? We pose these questions for reflection:
Scott J Shifferd believes in sharing the gospel of Jesus’s death, burial, and resurrection so that the faithful will bodily resurrect to eternal life like Jesus Christ (1 Cor 15).
The International History Project Date: Archaeology studies past human behavior through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. These remains include the fossils preserved bones of humans, food remains, the ruins of buildings, and human artifacts—items such as tools, pottery, and jewelry. From their studies, archaeologists attempt to reconstruct past ways of life. Archaeology is an important field of anthropology, which is the broad study of human culture and biology.
Archaeologists concentrate their studies on past societies and changes in those societies over extremely long periods of time. However, archaeology is distinct from paleontology and studies only past human life.
October 6, at 3: Through out the ages of man, we have proven in many areas of life that there is no God. We have explained through scientific research that there is no God for water Poseidon , the sun Apollo , or underworld Hades.
RADIOMETRIC DATING. he question of the ages of the Earth and its rock formations and features has fascinated philosophers, theologians, and scientists for centuries, primarily because the answers put our lives in temporal perspective.
Moon Dust and the Age of the Solar System Answers in Genesis , the leading young-earth creationist ministry, disowns cosmic dust arguments. The most amazing thing about the cosmic dust argument is that it is still being used! It has coasted along on obsolete evidence, and nothing but obsolete evidence, for the last 25 years!! It nicely illustrates how creationists borrow from each other and never do any outside reading.
The obsolescence of this argument has been brought out in numerous debates and published in countless books, journals, and newsletters. It can be discovered by anyone who exercises his or her library card. It’s not a state secret! What does it take to get through to the creationist brain?? The earliest use of the cosmic dust argument that Van Till Van Till et al, could find was in an article by Harold Slusher, which was published in the June issue of Creation Research Society Quarterly.
How Good Are Those Young-Earth Arguments?
After mating, the female then builds a nest elsewhere to raise the young alone. Franco Atirador Stephen J. Gould argued that these enormous antlers, which required great mineral resources from plants to support and prevented the elk from navigating through forests, were largely responsible for their extinction. The positioning of the antlers were poor for combat between males, but were great for intimidating rivals and impressing females.
Copper is a chemical element with symbol Cu (from Latin: cuprum) and atomic number It is a soft, malleable, and ductile metal with very high thermal and electrical conductivity.A freshly exposed surface of pure copper has a pinkish-orange is used as a conductor of heat and electricity, as a building material, and as a constituent of various metal alloys, such as sterling.
August 5, 10 at 5: What was I using it for? To prove what Dawkins said about aliens. Even atheists like Richard Dawkins knew that. If you listen carefully, you can tell that Dawkins was simply humoring Stein who kept pressing the issue: Well then who did create the heavens and the earth? Why do you use the word who? Well then how did it get created? By a very slow process. Well, how did it start? Nobody knows how it got started. We know the kind of event that it must have been.
We know the sort of event that must have happened for the origin of life. And what was that?
Horse Evolution: Fraud Exposed 60 Years Ago, Still in the Textbooks?
It occurs in trace quantities in all rock, soil, water and air. Arsenic can exist in four valency states: Under reducing conditions, arsenite As III is the dominant form; arsenate As V is generally the stable form in oxygenated environments. Elemental arsenic is not soluble in water. Arsenic salts exhibit a wide range of solubilities depending on pH and the ionic environment. There is a variety of instrumental techniques for the determination of arsenic.
The overwhelming majority of the scientific evidence shows that the earth is very young, contrary to the evolution myth.
The Radiometric Dating Game Radiometric dating methods estimate the age of rocks using calculations based on the decay rates of radioactive elements such as uranium, strontium, and potassium. On the surface, radiometric dating methods appear to give powerful support to the statement that life has existed on the earth for hundreds of millions, even billions, of years.
We are told that these methods are accurate to a few percent, and that there are many different methods. We are told that of all the radiometric dates that are measured, only a few percent are anomalous. This gives us the impression that all but a small percentage of the dates computed by radiometric methods agree with the assumed ages of the rocks in which they are found, and that all of these various methods almost always give ages that agree with each other to within a few percentage points.
Since there doesn’t seem to be any systematic error that could cause so many methods to agree with each other so often, it seems that there is no other rational conclusion than to accept these dates as accurate. However, this causes a problem for those who believe based on the Bible that life has only existed on the earth for a few thousand years, since fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be over million years old by radiometric methods, and some fossils are found in rocks that are dated to be billions of years old.
My Top 10 Reasons Why Atheistic Theories of Evolution are False
The assumption that the geologic column is a base from which to calibrate the C dates is not wise. With a half-life of only years, carbon dating has nothing to do with dating the geological ages! Whether by sloppiness or gross ignorance, Dr. Hovind is confusing the carbon “clock” with other radiometric “clocks. Being ancient, the C content has long since decayed away and that makes it useful in “zeroing” laboratory instruments.
1. The shrinking-sun argument contains two errors. The worst, by far, is the assumption that if the sun is shrinking today, then it has always been shrinking!. That’s a little like watching the tide go out and concluding that the water level must have fallen at that rate since the earth began.
You will remember him as the creator of the theory of evolution. There were many celebrations to be found on the anniversary of his birth and there are many more scheduled throughout the year. Simply stated, it’s everywhere! You will find articles on evolution in the newspapers, stories on the nightly news, and you will also hear friends and family discussing the subject as well. Did you know that many churches in America have succumbed to the pressure of the world and have adopted the celebration of Evolution Sunday?
This day is celebrated every year on the closest Sunday to Charles Darwin’s birthday February 12th and is designed to promote the compatibility of religion and science. So what will you do when the conversation of evolution comes up at work, home, or school? Many Christians simply excuse themselves from the conversation and miss an opportunity to share the Gospel.
Public Opinion Introduction The television, newspapers, and textbooks commonly proclaim, as though it were proven fact, that the earth is 4 to 5 billion years old. What is not commonly taught is how the scientists determined that age. What assumptions did they make? What evidence did they use? What evidence did they discard? We will examine these questions in this article.
For many people, radiometric dating might be the one scientific technique that most blatantly seems to challenge the Bible’s record of recent creation. For this reason, ICR research has long focused on the science behind these dating techniques. Along with scores of other Bible-believing.
Physical A copper disc The filled d-shells in these elements contribute little to interatomic interactions, which are dominated by the s-electrons through metallic bonds. Unlike metals with incomplete d-shells, metallic bonds in copper are lacking a covalent character and are relatively weak. This observation explains the low hardness and high ductility of single crystals of copper. For this reason, copper is usually supplied in a fine-grained polycrystalline form, which has greater strength than monocrystalline forms.
The characteristic color of copper results from the electronic transitions between the filled 3d and half-empty 4s atomic shells — the energy difference between these shells corresponds to orange light. As with other metals, if copper is put in contact with another metal, galvanic corrosion will occur. The contrast between the refurbished copper installed in and the green color of the original copper is clearly seen.
Copper does not react with water, but it does slowly react with atmospheric oxygen to form a layer of brown-black copper oxide which, unlike the rust that forms on iron in moist air, protects the underlying metal from further corrosion passivation.